What's the Difference Between Paternity & Divorce Action?

Posted on Thu, May 04, 2017

Family law does not just deal with divorce or formerly married couples for post-divorce actions. Family law also covers paternity actions. That is basically when people have children born out of wedlock. There are many times when people move in together, they do not get married and they build a life together as if they were married. One party will purchase a house and both parties will act as if it is jointly owned, but in fact it is not. Basically, only one person’s name is on the Deed and the other person decides, for whatever reason, not to put their name on the Deed. I’ve had many clients come to me over the years in this situation who want to get half of the equity out of the house. This is where the fundamental difference between a paternity action and a divorce action really kicks in. Basically, equitable distribution. 

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Can a person get a credit for child support arrearage that accrued during the time he resided with the child, even where he did not seek a modification order in advance of time the payments were due?

Posted on Mon, May 01, 2017

 Can a person get a credit for child support arrearage that accrued during the time he resided with the child, even where he did not seek a modification order in advance of time the payments were due? This question comes up a lot. Basically, let’s say you have a child support obligation and the child comes to live with you for a while. First and foremost, nothing is guaranteed, you must file a motion to temporarily abate the child support or some type of motion for modification or something like that. It is always best case scenario for you to file something with the court. But let’s say you don’t. Let’s say the child lives with you for about a year and you just stop paying child support because you don’t feel like you should have to because the child lives with you. The thinking is obviously logical, but courts are not always logical, obviously. In a case, a person was ordered to pay child support to the petitioner. The date of the order was 2003. In 2007, the parties began residing together with the child again. For approximately four and a half years between 2007 and 2013, they were residing together for periods of time. The respondent requested the court give him some credit toward the arrearage that accrued during those times. He did not seek a modification order, as the parties had mutually decided to reside together again, the respondent was contributing to the support of the child in the home. Obviously. The respondent was paying rent, electricity, food, everything like that. Now in this circumstance, my goodness I cannot explain to you how important it is for you to go and file something with the court. But if you have a situation similar to this, which many people do, there is case law that helped you out.

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Is it lawful for a court to excuse an arrearage from past due child support to the date when the children respectfully reach the age of majority rather than the date of filing the petition to modify?

Posted on Thu, Apr 27, 2017


Is it lawful for a court to excuse an arrearage from past due child support to the date when the children respectfully reach the age of majority rather than the date of filing the petition to modify?

A hypothetical situation: Client made unsuccessful attempts to modify his child support obligation at the time each of the three children involved reached the age of majority. While a petition to modify the child support amounts should have been filed earlier, the law does not preclude the court from excusing the support arrearages that have recently accumulated. These arrearages only recently began to accumulate and all the arrearages are for children that have attained the age of majority. The language of the final judgment clearly indicates it was not the trial court’s intention, at that time, for respondent to still be paying support for the children. 

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Child Custody & Psychotherapist Patient Privilege

Posted on Mon, Mar 27, 2017

Can a parent in a time sharing modification proceeding waive their minor child’s psychotherapist patient privilege and if an exception to the psychotherapist patient privilege exists when there is an ongoing social investigation involving time share with the minor child?

Florida statute 90.503 concerns the psychotherapist patient privilege. One applicable definition of a psychotherapist is “a person licensed or certified as a…family therapist, or mental health counselor under the laws of this state, who is engaged primarily in the diagnosis or treatment of a mental or emotional condition…” “A ‘patient’ is a person who consults, or is interviewed by, a psychotherapist for purposes of diagnosis or treatment of a mental or emotional condition…” A communication between a psychotherapist and a patient is generally confidential. A patient has a privilege to refuse to disclose, and to prevent any other person from disclosing, confidential communications or records made for the purpose of diagnosis or treatment of the patient’s mental or emotional condition between the patient and a psychotherapist. 90.503(2), Florida statutes (2013). The privilege may be claimed by, among others, the patient or guardian of the patient. There is no privilege in the course of a court ordered examination of the mental or emotional condition of the patient. 90.503, Florida statutes.

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Alimony & Standard of Living

Posted on Fri, Feb 17, 2017

When calculating alimony, should the former wife’s standard of living be based upon income that the former husband began earning after the marriage has ended or upon the income of the former husband earned during the marriage?

The purpose of alimony is well settled in Florida, to provide the needs and necessities of life to a former spouse as they were established by the marriage of the parties.  It follows that in fixing the amount of support payments, the standard of living to be used is that last shared by the spouses during the marriage. 

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In-Kind Payments

Posted on Fri, Feb 03, 2017

When determining income for support, whether it is child support of alimony or whatever, the Court’s look to all sources of income. You have the normal sources of income which are easily identifiable, such as W-2 type salary, hourly rates etc. Overtime also gets included in income especially if it is a consistent reoccurring overtime that a person gets every week, or month, what have you. Things get a little trickier when the income originates from disability sources or from family members. There’s actually of law out there that says that if you get a consistent payment from a family member, that can possibly be included as income for Court purposes. This Blog is specifically about what is called “in-kind” income. Basically, if you get a car free and clear from your company that you do not have to pay for, the Court most likely will consider that as an income source and put a value on that. 

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Emergency Motions During Divorce

Posted on Tue, Jan 24, 2017

Emergency motions

Florida court allows the trial court to enter temporary emergency modifications to post dissolution time sharing orders. In any chapter 61 action involving children, the court is authorized to enter an emergency temporary order on its own motion if the court deems the order necessary to protect the child. For example, if the court, in a proceeding, initiated to enforce time sharing perceives that the movements, conduct while spending time with the party’s child may be harmful to the child, the court may modify the final judgment and restrict time sharing on its own motion. However, the modification may only be temporary, pending a full evidentiary hearing. Longo versus Longo. 

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Recording Another Person in the State of Florida

Posted on Mon, Jan 23, 2017

Is it legal to record another person in the state of Florida without their consent? As always, with any law, everything is grey. For the most part, this is not a practice I would engage in. Recording someone without their consent, if done improperly, is actually a crime in the state of Florida. Florida statutes prohibit the use of recorded communications obtained without the consent of both parties involved, and case law is clear that such unlawful recordings are not admissible in hearings involving domestic relations. Different states, do allow this, however, so don’t be confused. Just because one state allows it doesn’t mean that Florida will. When judging whether a recording is allowed, the court will look to “an expectation of privacy.” This has been defined as “an expectation of privacy does not contemplate merely a subjective expectation on the part of the person making the uttered oral communication, but rather contemplates a reasonable expectation of privacy.

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How Does A Personal Injury Settlement Affect Equitable Distribution?

Posted on Thu, Jan 19, 2017

The court should take an “analytical approach” to look at the nature of a Worker’s Compensation or personal injury damage award to determine whether property is separate, belonging to one of the spouses, or marital property subject to distribution. Under this approach, the damage award is allocated in accordance with the following:

  1. Separate property of the injured spouse: Includes the non economic compensatory damages for pain, suffering, disability, and loss of ability to lead a normal life and the economic damages which occur subsequent to the termination of the marriage of the parties, including the amount of the award for loss of future wages and future medical expenses;
  1. Separate property of the non injured spouse: Includes loss of consortium;
  1. Marital property subject to distribution: Includes the amount of the award for lost wages or lost earning capacity during the marriage of the parties and medical expenses paid out of the marital funds during the marriage.
  1. Effect of commingling of settlement award.
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The Rights of a Legal (Not Biological) Father in a Dissolution of Marriage

Posted on Mon, Jan 16, 2017

If a person who has been acting as the father of a child, even though the child is not biologically his and non-biological father is married to the mother, the facts of the case comes into play. It basically depends on how long the nonbiological “father” has been acting in the capacity as a father. The doctrine of equitable estoppel precludes a person from maintaining inconsistent positions to the detriment of others. Equitable estoppel may preclude a husband from avoiding support of a child who is not biologically his child. The doctrine may also preclude a wife from denying her husband’s paternity. A court may estop the wife from denying her husband’s paternity after accepting the benefits of marriage, including the husband’s financial and emotional support of the child.

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